Major tectonic changes formed the island to a large degree, and then environmental changes and erosions formed its final form. The geological structure of the Sitia region was perfect for the creation of gorges that, in turn, contribute to the creation of a rich and diverse landscape. Visitors will feel the presence of this geological wealth in every step and during spring and summer, lovely scents cover the atmosphere in these gorges that are considered the heaven of aromatic and medicinal plants since Minoan times. There is also a rich diversity of flora and fauna. Populations of important and rare species of the animal kingdom find shelter at the stiff cliffs of the gorges, such as griffon vultures and hawks.
There is a sacred relationship between the people of Sitia and the gorges since antiquity, when nature was worshiped and ancient Cretan deities were closely connected with its reproductive abilities.
The Gorge "ton nekron" ("Faraghi ton nekron", meaning, the gorge of the dead) in Zakros is a place that carries these ancient roots and bonds of humans with nature. A visit to the gorges of the region is at the same time a journey in ancient nature, in the civilization and history of Sitia. The natural landscape in this journey constantly changes. The landscape varies from green lands, rich in vegetation to dry, wild and naked areas. In spring, the green cliffs release the scents of pure Cretan nature.